Understanding Open Data

Launched by governments and local authorities, the idea behind opening access to primary public data is to help give structure to information and develop applications of service to the public. What is public data? Public data is data collected by public bodies (governments, local authorities) that is not of a sensitive nature, respects privacy (anonymous, with no mention of criminal records or medical history, etc.) and poses no threat to national security. What are the characteristics of open data? On the basis of the principles defined in 2007 by an American task group Open Government Data, open data must be: complete,...

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