A smart building features an intelligent network of electronic devices designed to monitor and control the mechanical and electronics of the building, and the related costs.
Building management system (BMS) and home automation
Mickael Sigda, an expert on green buildings, describes a smart building as “A building that can regulate and measure its own performance.”
Collecting real-time data in order to track electrical and heating costs and monitor access and security in large buildings, and automating tasks (regulation, incident detection, etc) means deploying special ICT solutions. This technology and the management thereof is called a Building Management System.
In the (smart) home, these technology solutions are known as home automation.
BMS and home automation both use networks of sensors or communicating objects (M2M) and smart meters, in order to reduce the building’s carbon footprint and ensure enhanced comfort for its occupants.
From smart grid to smartphone
The smart grid was a major breakthrough for electricity producers and distributors, and consumers now have easy-to-use tools to control their equipment, such as web
Interfaces and centralised controls via a tablet or smartphone, which help draw consumers’ attention to the importance of controlling energy costs.
But in order to create a truly democratic, widespread smart ecosystem, the suppliers need to establish standards to enable the various solutions to be interoperable.