Here is a guide to the jargon that keeps popping up in reference to cloud computing, smart networks and objects, mobile computing and social networks.
- Private cloud: Cloud infrastructure that operated solely for a single organisation. It is either managed internally or by a third-party and hosted internally or externally (internal private cloud) or by a third party (external).
- Public cloud: A service provider makes resources, such as applications and storage, available to the general public over the Internet
- Community cloud computing shares infrastructure between several organisations from a specific community with common concerns.
- Hybrid cloud: a composition of two or more clouds (private, community, or public).
- IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service): clients can buy processing, storage, network and other computing resources online. TechNavio predict that the market will grow 48% between 2010 and 2014.
- PaaS (Platform as a Service): users can deploy their own applications on a cloud infrastructure. TechNavio predict 26% growth between 2010 and 2014.
- SaaS (Software as a Service): clients can use applications over the internet without needing to install and run the applications on their own hardware. The market is to increase by 45.2% between 2010 and 2014, according to TechNavio, whilst Gartner predicts that the global SaaS market, worth $12 Bn in 2011, will reach $21.3 Bn by 2015.
- Smart Grid: a digitally enabled electrical grid that gathers, distributes, and acts on information about the behaviour of all participants (suppliers and consumers) in order to improve the efficiency, importance, reliability, economics, and sustainability of electricity services. The global market in 2012 is estimated to be worth $130.5 Bn, and $171.3 Bn in 2014. China, the US and Japan have been the biggest investors in smart grids since 2010 (Sources Zprime).
> Find out more
- Grid Computing : The federation of computer resources from multiple administrative domains to reach a common goal. What distinguishes grid computing from conventional high performance computing systems such as cluster computing is that grids tend to be more loosely coupled, heterogeneous, and geographically dispersed.
> Grid computing vs. Cloud Computing: to find out more
- Big Data: refers to the science of analysing and using large datasets produced by ICT professionals and individuals.
> Read “Big Data: a major technology challenge” on e-media
- Open Data: a platform for sharing public data (often non-textual material such as maps, statistics, environmental, meteorological, tourist, scientific, or cultural information] in order to ensure government transparency. This data can be freely accessed and consulted on the internet. In September 2009 the UK government opened up almost all non-personal data acquired for official purposes on http://data.gov.uk/. Other European countries where the governments have opened up their data include France, Austria, Belgium, Spain, Estonia, Ireland, Italy, Moldavia, Norway, and the Netherlands. The European Commission recently encouraged all states to make their data public, a strategy that it hopes will generate €40 billion a year to the European economy.
- Mobile devices: smartphones, tablets and laptops are the 3 main types of mobile devices. However, research organisations often base their statistics and forecasts on only one or two of the three categories, excluding laptops and ultra-books.
- BYOD and consumerisation: Bring Your Own Device and consumerisation refer to the trend whereby people use their personal mobile devices in the workplace.
> Read “IT consumerisation in companies: the experts’ insights” on e-media
- CES and MWC: These acronyms stand for two major technology trade shows held at the beginning of the year: the Consumer Electronic Show in Las Vegas ( 10 – 13/01) and the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona (27/02 – 1/03). The events attract the major players in the mobile computing and multimedia industries and are showcases for the latest tech trends.
- HTML 5: the latest version of the HyperText Markup Language standard used for web pages. The many advantages of the new standard include portability across mobile devices (smartphones and tablets), faster content display, improved security, and enhanced forms. But one of the most significant benefits of HTML5 is that there will be no need for third-party plugins such as Adobe Flash or Microsoft Silverlight, which aren’t supported by all OS.
- IPv6: a new version of the Internet Protocol designed to solve the problem of the exhaustion of IPv4 addressing resulting from the growth of IT infrastructures and the use of mobile devices and communicating objects. Since September, IPv6 compatibility is one of the prerequisites for service providers in France submitting for tenders to government departments.
> Read “IPv6: a solution to the IP address shortage” on e-media
– UX Design (User Experience Design): is a subset of the field of experience design that pertains ergonomics and usability. With the proliferation and increasingly widespread use of interfaces, there is an increasing focus on UX design. It is covered by the ISO 9241-210 standard (Ergonomics of human-system interaction -Human-centred design for interactive systems).
- Googleplex: a new application mobile? No… just the name Google gives its HQs, the most recent of which is in Paris. Inaugurated in December, the Paris Googleplex is located in a 10,000 m²-townhouse in the city’s 9th arrondissement and will serve as the headquarters for its operations in France, as well as southern and eastern Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. The site, which will house research and development facilities and a cultural centre, required an investment of €100 million.
> Virtual tour
- Social media vs. social networks: The debate between marketing researchers and specialists rages on, but the distinction remains distinctly…blurred. Social media sites are defined as exchange platforms using blogs, Facebook fan pages, forums, etc, used by an organisation (e.g. a company) as part of its communication strategy, aimed at clients-users. Social networks, on the other hand, are exchange platforms between individuals, either private or professional.
- Twitter: the biggest micro blogging site (100 million users, up 82% since January 2011) boasts a user-friendly interface and dedicated company pages, like Facebook and Google +.
- Foursquare: with 15 million mobile users worldwide and over 400,000 companies using it as a marketing tool, micro-blogging network Foursquare is a location-based social networking website for mobile devices which locates venues close to users.
– Path: Founded by a former Facebook executive in November 2010, Path is a social networking-enabled photo sharing and messaging service for mobile devices that currently boasts 1 million users. Path, available on iPhone and Android, Path limits each user’s social network to 150 “friends” in order to encourage users to select only high-quality connections
- SoLoMo (Social Local Mobile): THE mobile social networking trend for 2012, as pioneered by Foursquare. These location-based services include targeted communication and information campaigns, depending on the user’s location. In France, SNCF (the national railways) have latched onto the trend, with a ticket ordering service via Facebook and Twitter, and dedicated mobile services.